Article: The Value of “Negative” Space – the Modernist Public Space of Oscar Niemeyer’s International Fairgrounds Complex
By Adonis El Hussein and Rola A. Saadi

What is the role of unbuilt space in a modernist urban project? The studies surrounding Oscar Niemeyer’s International Fairgrounds Complex in Tripoli, Lebanon, have often overlooked this important question. A recent academic study,[1] which was aiming at a heritage value assessment in order to establish groundwork for a potential heritage listing process of the unfinished fair complex, did succeed in shedding light on Niemeyer’s socially oriented design approach for the fair complex in Tripoli. The study asserted that the open public space and landscape of the fair complex, which were planned as a “Modern Urban Core”[2] for the ancient city,…

Outrage: Zonnestraal at risk
BY ROB DOCTER, HUBERT-JAN HENKET, WESSEL DE JONGE

  Outrage: Zonnestraal at risk Dutch minister removes world famous sanatorium and aftercare colony created by Duiker, Bijvoet and Wiebenga from the UNESCO Tentative List The recent decision of the Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science to remove Zonnestraal from the provisional list of nominations for UNESCO World Heritage has filled many with disbelief and incomprehension. Zonnestraal has been on this Tentative List since 1995. Logical, because the modern architecture of Duiker, Bijvoet and Wiebenga and the construction of the complex form a unique layered materialization of the underlying social ideals, the aesthetic principles of the Modern Movement and…

Campaign: Tony Garnier – Against erasing the work, for the coherence of action
Tony Garnier's legacy in Lyon, France

Docomomo France has shared with Docomomo International the campaign: Tony Garnier: Against erasing the work, for the coherence of action This campaign intends to raise awareness among professionals in the area to recognize and protect the work of the architect Tony Garnier (1869-1948), in Lyon, France. The importance of the architect’s graphic, architectural and urban work is considerable, but still rather unknown in Lyon, his birth place. Today, beyond the recognition of his work as the celebrations around the 150th anniversary of his birth are sure to to improve, the urgency is also to ensure the sustainability and the future…

Memorial Care – an article about the Maison du People, in Clichy
by Bernhard Furrer

MEMORIAL CARE BY BERNHARD FURRER A threatened icon The French authorities’ dealing with the Maison du Peuple in Clichy show a poor sense of responsibility. The masterpiece of the pre-war period has not only been drastically altered and is hardly maintained anymore; what is even more incisive is the project of a high-rise building, which is to be superposed onto the filigree building. The Maison du Peuple in Clichy, a suburb of Paris, is one of the pioneering works of French architecture of world renown. The construction was triggered by the desire to cover the market square of the socialist-led…

New developments: Maison du Peuple of Clichy
by Jean Prouvé, Eugène Beaudouin, Marcel Lods and Vladimir Bodiansky, Clichy, France, 1935-1939. Jack Lang´s letter to the current French Minister of Culture, Françoise Nyssen

The Maison du Peuple of Clichy (1935-1939), Eugène Beaudoin and Marcel Lods architects (with the participation of André Sive from 1937) assisted by the engineer Vladimir Bodiansky and the builder Jean Prouvé, combines a market on the ground floor and an auditorium on the first floor. The spectacular machine of Clichy (1), one of the monuments of modern architecture of the 1930s, expresses and announces the versatility, flexibility and mobility of architecture after the Second World War. It is included in all the history books of architecture and is considered to be a first-class work of the 20th century. As…

Under Threat: Kala Academy
By Charles Correa, Goa, India, 1970s

Docomomo International would like to raise urgent awareness to Kala Academy and express its full support to all the initiatives conducted in order to preserve this building for future generations. “Kala Academy, Goa’s cultural centre, which was designed by the renowned architect Charles Correa in the late 1970s, is threatened with demolition by the State Government in the near future. It is an exceedingly important building, not just among Correa’s international repertoire, but also in the State of Goa. Vivek Menezes in his article titled ‘Trashing the magic of Charles Correa’ says that the Kala Academy is “… the only government-run arts institution in…

World Heritage inscription of “The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright”
7th July 2019, Baku, Azerbaijan

On 7th july of 2019, the World Heritage Committee, meeting in Baku, Azerbaijan, has officially inscribed The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, which includes eight major works spanning 50 years of Wright’s career, on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The sites in the group inscription span Wright’s influential career. The collection represents the first modern architecture designation from the United States to the World Heritage List. They include: – Unity Temple, Oak Park, Chicago, IL, 1905-1908 – Frederick C. Robie House, Chicago, IL, 1909 – Taliesin, Spring Green, WI, 1911 – Hollyhock House, Los Angeles, CA, 1922 – Fallingwater, Bear Run, PA,…

Under Threat: Garden-City of La Butte Rouge
Châtenay Malabry, France, 1931-1965

Docomomo International has been notified by Docomomo France about the demolition threat the Garden-City of La Butte Rouge, in Châtenay-Malabry, is currently facing. Therefore, Docomomo International would like to raise awareness for this case and express its concerns. The Garden-City of La Butte Rouge is under threat by an intended demolition of 8 buildings. This unique and outstanding achievement of 4.000 flats on a 70-hectare ground is a paradigm of the successful combination of social reform and architectural innovation. It was designed by architects Joseph Bassompierre, Paul de Rutté, Paul Sirvin, André Arfvidson and the landscape designer André Riousse and…

Under threat: Pearl Bank Apartments
By Tan Cheng Siong, Singapore, 1976

Docomomo International wishes to draw your attention to the alarming future of the Pearl Bank Apartments, a high-rise private residential building in Singapore that is also a landmark of so-called Brutalist architecture. Completed in 1976, the Pearl Bank Apartments, designed by Singaporean architect Tan Cheng Siong, are an iconic horseshoe shaped residential block with 272-unit apartment, comprising three types of split-level units. The units are a mix of sizes to prevent the development being colonized by one type of resident. Its cylindrical shape allows for daylight, ventilation and maximum panoramic views to all units. There is a shopping area with seven units on…

Vila Real Industrial Bakery
Nadir Afonso, Vila Real, Portugal, 1965

Vila Real Industrial Bakery is now under immediate and serious threat of demolition since its classification process by the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage (DGPC) had not a successfully result, ultimately discharging the case leaving it in an extreme risk situation. This building designed by the Portuguese architect Nadir Afonso (1920-2013), was completed in 1965, and it’s abandoned since the beginning of 1990s, showing today, clear signs of major degradation. This is a modern industrial building, which stands out for the vaulted coverage with lags allowing good lighting and natural ventilation. The impact of the formal language of the building was recognized…