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15th International Docomomo Conference 2018
August 28, 2018 - August 31, 2018
Metamorphosis. The Continuity of Change
VENUE: Cankarjev Dom, Ljubljana, Slovenia
ORGANIZED by: docomomo International and docomomo Slovenia
Call for Papers
. 2 June – 1 September 2017 – Call for Papers
. 8 November 2017 – Notification of Acceptance
. 30 January 2018 – Full paper submission deadline (1st version).
. 28 February 2018 – Deadline for session chairs to return papers with comments to authors, with suggested revisions.
. 30 March 2018 – Full paper submission deadline (final version).
. 20-28 August 2018 – Workshop
. 28-31 August 2018 – Conference
. 26-27 August; 1-3 September 2018 – Docotours
Every two years docomomo (the international committee for documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement) organizes an international conference, bringing together docomomo members and friends from its 72 national Working Parties, as an opportunity for in-depth exploration of an important theme or aspect of the Modern Movement.
The forthcoming conference is being hosted by docomomo Slovenia and will take place at the Cankarjev Dom, in Ljubljana, Slovenia, from 28 to 31 August 2018, under the theme Metamorphosis. The Continuity of Change.
At the 15th International Conference in Ljubljana, docomomo will address the history of Modern Movement transformations. This will be done in relation to cultural and natural aspects within the overall continuity of change. Both theory and practice will be considered.
In 2018, docomomo will celebrate 30 years of effort to preserve and adapt the technical, social and aesthetic goals of the Modern Movement – values which have always been intrinsically intertwined with change. As Badiou put it, change is the law of the world; the absence of change is death. When we think, we think change (Introduction to the Philosophical Concept of Change, 2012).
Today we are experiencing a huge escalation of change in all areas of life, even surpassing the radical transformations that characterised the Modern Movement era of the mid-20th century; Kafka’s Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung, 1915) is becoming close to reality. Human and social values, authenticity and identity, are undergoing fundamental changes in their meaning or relevance. The difference between the original and its copy is waning. The social and aesthetic values of the Modern Movement, as well as its status as heritage and element of identity, are very much under attack. So, what does docomomo stand for in this rapidly changing context?
Our cities are evolving in response to continuously changing forces. These involve many different layers of economics, politics and science. What can we learn from past experiences of the Modern Movement urban developments? How can we reconcile Modern Movement ideals and built legacy with the digital revolution, worldwide mobility, migration and increasing environmental awareness? How can our attraction towards the ever new, and incessant innovation, be reconciled with sustainable urban conservation? Which examples of success and failure can be identified?
Keywords: Neighbourhoods; Megastructures; Complexes; Multifunctionality; Urbanity; Urban planning; Public Space; Lifestyle; Infrastructures; Networks; Transport; Mobility; Density; New towns; Inner city; Suburbia; Civility; Digital technology.
During the process of restoration or adaptive reuse, the paradigmatic challenge is to adapt the buildings concerned to different functions, users, lifestyles, environmental and safety standards. How can we select what must be preserved and what can be changed? How to combine preservation with legal energy efficiency directives? What are the most up-to-date technologies and processes of material selection that can improve the experience of living in modern buildings? How can new technologies and materials´ improvements be assessed? Within the decision-making process, how can we effectively address authoritative changes? How are interiors, well-being and atmospheres affected by these changes? Which are the most informative examples of modern architectural heritage restoration or adaptive reuse, and their successes and failures?
Keywords: Restoration; Conversion; Renovation; Reuse; Icon; Ordinary; Programme; Functionalism; Prefabrication; Construction; Technologies; Energy efficiency; Seismic Retrofit; Legislative impact; Safety; Interiors; Atmosphere; Furniture; Lighting; Arts.
Human migration plays a fundamental role in all societies today. The forced interaction of people and places is now increasingly central to the development of cities and architecture. In the context of a society substantially shaped by physical and virtual transfers, how can identity be created, from the generic to the specific? Which is the role of the architectural heritage? What can we learn from the Modern Movement ideals of equality and progress, nowadays still perceivable through its built legacy? In the fact of rapid and uncontrolled urbanization and the fragmentation of the urban and social fabric, how can a sense of community and solidarity survive in our ever more pluralistic societies? In this context, is it realistically possible to preserve character and memory in conservation and adaptive reuse projects? If so, is it possible to pinpoint clear cases of success and failure?
Keywords: Migration; Speed; Society; Culture; Aesthetics; Community; Civil Society; Appropriation; Occupation; Public; Co-presence; Identity; Representation; Collectivity; Authenticity; Ethics; Unity; Integrity; Society; Permanence; Ephemerality; Participation; Planning processes.
The accelerating processes of contemporary development, coupled with lack of commitment and responsibility, have created incredibly damage on an ever-vaster scale, including phenomena such as climate change, breakdown of traditional cultures, or hyper-individualization. Also, the overall context of the economic crisis requires a better management of natural resources. How can the modern built environment help foster a sustainable environment? How can we combine sustainability and modernity? Is it possible to identify exemplary cases (as less successful examples) of reuse projects set within different traditions, social and physical environments, and employing sustainable architecture and urban design to reflect local requirements?
Keywords: Nature; Earth; Ecology; Natural versus Artificial; Sustainability; Energy efficiency; Seismic Retrofit; Natural resources; Local resources; Climate change; Environmental damage; Tradition; Modernity.
Ana Tostões (Portugal)
Andrea Canziani (Italy)
Bárbara Coutinho (Portugal)
Claes Caldenby (Sweden)
Eui-Sung Yi (Korea)
Franz Graf (Switzerland)
Henrieta Moravcikova (Slovakia)
Horacio Torrent (Chile)
João Belo Rodeia (Portugal)
Judi Loach (UK)
Louise Noelle (Mexico)
Miles Glendinning (Scotland)
Natasa Koselj (Slovenia)
Ola Wedebrunn (Denmark)
Ruth Verde Zein (Brazil)
Uta Pottgiesser (Germany)
Yoshiyuki Yamana (Japan)
Zara Ferreira (Portugal)
SESSIONS AND SELECTED PAPERS
Session 01_City Growth: Change, Transformation
(Session Chair: Horacio Torrent, Chile)
01 Recreating the Public Through Transformation
(Ronnen Ben-Arie, Fatina Abreek-Zubieadt, Gaby Schwartz, Israel)
02 The Life of Modern Architecture in Kosovo
(Flaka Xerxa Beqiri, Vlora Navakazi, Kosovo)
03 The Brazilian Amazon and its Modernities: Modern Architecture
(Hugo Segawa, Marcos Cereto, Marianna Cardoso, Brazil)
04 The Plaza as the Locus of Continuous Modernity
(Maximiano Atria, Chile)
Session 02_Tactical Urbanism
01 Metamorphosis of Cultural Memory and the Opportunity to Safeguard the Modern Movement Heritage in Bulgaria
(Ljubinka Stoilova, Bulgaria)
02 Carbonia Project: The Reinvention of the Urban Landscape
(Paolo Sanjust, Antonello Sanna, Italy)
03 Modern Heritage and the Challenges of Urban Conservation: Between Singular buildings and a metamorphosis of Urban Fabric
(Horacio Torrent, Chile)
04 Dirty Realism Reloaded: How Can reality of a Contemporary City Rooted in (Post-War) Modernist City Planning Resist Against a Speculative Appropriation Nowdays?
(Elena Markus, Germany)
Session 03_European Housing Strategies
(Session Chair: Miles Glendinning, Scotland)
01 Modern Neighbourhoods in Ljubljana – The Splendour and Misery of Their Existence and Development
(Kaja Lipnik Vehovar, Slovenia)
02 Portuguese State-Subsidized Multifamily Housing Projects. Emergent Modernity During the 20th Century
(Gisela Lameira, Luciana Rocha, Portugal)
03 Up-To-Date Interventions and Changing Indentity: Housing Estate Imanta in Riga
(Sandra Treija, Ugis Bratuškins, Alisa Korojova, Latvia)
04 Effects of Security-Based Contemporary Urban Development on European Modern Mass Housing Landscape
(Melinda Benko, Hungary)
Session 04_ Housing Transformation
(Session Chair: Ana Tostões, Potugal)
01 (Un-)Sustainability of the Concrete Mega-Blocks in New Belgrade: Potentials of Prefabricated Modern Structures for Transformation
(Anica DragutinoviÄ‡, Uta Pottgiesser and Els De Vos, Serbia, Germany and Belgium)
02 The Multiple Lives of the »Unite d‘Habitation« (1945-1967-2017). Repetition of Their Iconic Value and Differences in the Construction Systems, From their Development to their Case Histories.
(Franz Graf, Switzerland)
03 What is the Legacy of the Architectures of Change?
(Richard Klein, France)
04 The Afterlives of Social Housing: The Adaptive Reuse of Three Moderist Estates
(Cecilia Chu, Hong Kong)
Session 05_Habitat_Between Local&Global
(Session Chair: Zara Ferreira, Portugal)
01 Challenging the Modern Movement Heritage in Africa
(Ola Uduku, Ilze Wolff, Ghana, South Africa)
02 The Formative Years of Suzana and Dimitris Antonakakis: A Transcultural Genealogy of Critical Regionalism
(Stylanos Giamarelos, Greece, UK)
03 Hotel Resorts in The Canary Islands: Creating a Vernacular City on the Insular Landscape. Heritage Distortion, Aesthetical Fiction of Atlanticity or Tourist Attraction?
(David Martín López, Spain)
04 Modernism and Agrarian Utopia.
(Maria Helena Maia, Portugal)
Session 06_Doubts on Authenticity
(Session Chair: Henrieta Moravcikova, Slovak Republic)
01 Metamorphosis and Ambiguities: Some Remarks on Modern Heritage Preservation
(Ana Carolina Pellegrini, Ruth Verde Zein, Brazil)
02 Metamorphosis as Ordinary Process of Change. Identity, Authenticity and Surviving Materials in the Case Study of Giuseppe Terragni‘s Novocomum.
(Carolina Di Biase, Alessia Facchi, Anna Greppi, Camilla Casonato, Italy)
03 Modern Heritage or Not. A Legacy of Post-War Restorations and Modern Movement
(Miia Perkkiö, Finland)
04 Preserving by Using. MUDE Museum as a Case Study.
(Bárbara Coutinho, Portugal)
Session 07_Authenticity and Reuse
(Session Chair: Louise Noelle Gras, Mexico)
01 Patterns of Conversion in Obsolete Cinema Theatres
(Joana Gouveia Alves, Portugal)
02 The Legacies of the Agricultural Production Cooperatives (LPGs) From the Former German Democratic Republic. Surviving as Monuments Without a Function?
(Vittoria Capresi, Italy, Germany)
03 Continuity Through Change: the Renovation of the Maison des Sciences de l‘Homme Building in Paris
(Vanessa Fernandez, Catherine Blain, France)
04 Mutatis mutandis: North American Architects in Caracas in the Twentieth Century
(Hannia Gomez, Venezuela)
Session 08_Visions for Living
(Session Chair: Eui-Sung Yi, South Korea, USA)
01 From Icon to the Ordinary and Back? Questions for the Forthcoming Restoration of Adolf Reding‘s Turmhaus in Wroclaw‘s WUWA Estate of 1929.
(Jadwiga Urbanik, Grazyna Hryncewicz-Lamber, Poland)
02 Midcentury Modern Domestic Architecture: A Continuum of Livability
(Kevin Yoder, Amanda Weko, USA)
03 Kaneji Domoto: Versioning Japanese-American Modernism
(Lynnette Widder, USA)
04 Telluric Landscape: Lina Bo Bardi and Suburbia
(Claudia Costa Cabral, Brazil)
Session 09_Shifting Identities
(Session Chair: Nataša Koselj, Slovenia)
01 The Cathedral of Freedom: Shifting Political Identities of an Unbuilt Architectural Project
(Miloš Kosec, Slovenia, UK)
02 Conservation of Modern Architecture in Portugal: The Lesson of Alvaro Siza
(Teresa Cunha Ferreira, Portugal)
03 Tangible Metamorphosis, Intangible Changes. The War Memorial Dedicated to the Victims of the Nazi Concentration Camps in the Monumental Cemetery in Milan
(Giulia Favaretto, Italy)
04 Identity and Change in the Reuse of Masieri Memorial by Carlo Scarpa in Venice
(Sara Di Resta, Roberta Bartolone, Italy)
Session 10_Reinventing Public Institutions
(Session Chair: Claes Caldenby, Sweden)
01 Livio Vacchini‘s Saleggi Primary School in Locarno. Conservation and Regulatory Compliance of 1970s Interiors
(Roberta Grignolo, Switzerland)
02 Renovation of Modern Secondary School Buildings: Two Case Studies in the City of Lisbon
(Ana Fernandes, Patricia Lourenco, Alexandra Alegre, Maria Bacharel, Portugal)
03 Vancouver Experiment: Reinventinga Modern University Campus
(Susan Ross, Canada)
04 Modern Healthcare Buildings in Portugal. From Anamnesis to Institutional and Public Awarness.
(Daniela Arnaut, Portugal)
Session 11_Downtown Reloaded
(Session Chair: Ruth Verde Zein, Brazil)
01 The SESC Project. Going Modern as a Contemporary Urban Strategy
(Carlos Eduardo Comas, Marta Peixoto, Brazil)
02 The SESC Project. Going Modern as a Contemporary Urban Strategy
(Allan Shulman, USA)
03 The Insertion of Modern
(Fernando Diniz Moreira, Patricia Ataide, Brazil)
04 Before the Bilbao Effects: A Case Study of Hans Hollein‘s Museum Abteiberg in Mönchengladbach
(Eva Branscome, UK)
Session 12_Updating Materials and Technology
(Session Chair: Uta Pottgeisser, Germany, Belgium)
01 White, Everything White? Josef Frank‘s Beer House (1930) in Vienna and its Materiality.
(Ivo Hammer, Germany, Robert Linke, Austria)
02 Restoring Jean Prouve. The »Buvette« at Evian and Other Technical Objects
(Giulia Marino, Switzerland)
03 Salk Institute for Biological Studies. Teak Window Wall Conservation Project.
(Kyle Normandin, Sara Lardinois, USA)
04 Yamanashi Communication Center as Modern Living Heritage. From Metabolic to Composite Conservation.
(Kenji Watanabe, Japan)
Session 13_Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impact
(Session Chair: Franz Graf, Switzerland)
01 Energy Conservation vs. Heritage Conservation: Evaluating Thermal Rehabilitation Scenarios by the Case Study of Terrassenhaussiedlung in Graz.
(Alexander Eberl, Austria)
02 Assessing Strategically Historic Places of the Mid-20th Century in Scotland for Climate Change Impacts.
(Carsten Hermann, Scotland)
03 New Ways in Retrofitting Post War Dutch Tenement Apartment Buildings: CO2-neutral, Readability and Users Preferences
(Leo Oorschot, The Netherlands)
04 Tales From a Modernist Gallery: Incorporating Dwelling Experience in the 1956’s Porto Public Housing Programme.
(Paulo Providencia, Portugal)
Session 14_The Impact of Mobility
(Session Chair: Andrea Canziani, Italy)
01 Architecture in the Service of Socialist Motoring
(Peter Vorlik, Czech Republic)
02 The Beautiful Everyday Journey
(Roberta Marcaccio, UK)
03 The Adaptive Reuse of Obsolete Inner-City Car Parking Structures of Urban Farming and Local Food Production: 3 UK Case Studies
(Monika Szopinska-Mularz, Poland, Steffen Lehmann, Germany, Australia)
04 Assessing Authenticity: Valuing Use, Setting and Materiality
(Catherine Croft, UK)
Session 15_ Modernity and Political Upheaval
(Session Chair: Yoshiyuki Yamana, Japan)
01 Permanent Recreation – The Former Spa Sanatoriums Transformation Into Permanent Shelter of Internally Displaced Persons in The Republic of Georgia
(Martin ZaiÄek, Slovenia, Andrea Kalinova, Slovakia, Nano Zazanashvili, Georgia)
02 John Harris and Dubai. Political Insights, Urban Planning and Architectural Landmarks.
(Tiziano Aglieri Rinella, Italy, Dubai, Ruben Garcia Rubio, Spain, Dubai)
03 The Place of Modernism – architecture, politics and society in Johannesburg
(Brendan Hart, South Africa)
04 New Approaches to Expanding Niemeyer‘s CTA Design
(Marcos J. Carilho, Brazil)
Session 16_Educating for Preservation and Reuse
(Session Chair: Wessel de Jonge, The Netherlands)
01 How Modern Was Jože PleÄnik and What Can We Learn From Him Today? His Famous Buildings in Vienna Then and Now
(Wolfgang H. Salcher, Austria)
02 Contributions of Academic Workshops to the Discussion of Re-Use of Modernist Buildings
(Michael Melenhorst, Germany, Francisco Teixeira Bastos, Portugal)
03 Learning to Reuse Modernity: The Educational Challenge
(Goncalo Canto Moniz, Portugal, Andrea Canziani, Italy, Carolina Quiroga, Argentina)
04 Dissolving »Urban Time Bubbles« Integrating Modern Military Heritage Within the Contemporary City
(Iris Kashman, Oren Ben Avraham, Israel)
17_ Identity and Nation-Building
(Session Chair: Bárbara Coutinho, Portugal)
01 Concrete Garden City: Trans(planting) the Nation, From 1950s to Present
(Eunice Seng, Singapore, Hong Kong)
02 The Clash of Nationalisms: Making Post-Socialist Identity on the Modern Heritage Bettlefield
(Aneta Vasileva, Bulgaria)
03 Modernist Architecture in Gdynia as a Factor of Social Unity and Integration
(Marek Stepa, Poland)
04 Survival of Modernist Identity During Early Socialism in Hungary
(Daniel Laczo, Hungary)
Session 18_ About Team 10_ Continuity and Change
(Session Chair: Hubert-Jan Henket, The Netherlands)
01 Re-thinking the Architecture of Appropriate human Habitat: The Example of Shushtar-e Nou, Iran (1975-85)
(Mohamad Sedighi, Iran, The Netherlands)
02 Myth and Metamorphosis: Aldo van Eyck‘s Orphanage (1960) in Amsterdam Restored
(Wessel de Jonge, The Netherlands)
03 The Economist Plaza. How to Create Sustainable Worksplace and Preserve Public Amenity?
(Deborah Saunt, UK)
04 In the Path of the »In-Between« From Buber to van Eyck and from Amsterdam to Sao Paulo
(Anat Falbel, Brazil)
19 Special Session
– Publishing Identity: The Modern Australia book project
(Hannah Lewis, Australia)
– Developing an Historic Thematic Framework as a Catalyst for Conserving and Managing Twentieth Century Heritage Sites and Places
(Sheridan Burke, Australia & Chandler McCoy, USA)
– Launching of Books
01 Urban Transformation & Shifting in Production Modes
(Shaden Awad, Manal Al-Bishawi, Palestine)
02 Modern Residential Architecture in Aleppo City. Transformations and Potentials for the Reconstruction of Old-Aleppo.
(Christine Kousa, Uta Pottgiesser, Els De , Syria, Germany, Belgium)
03 Identity and Conservation of Modern Architecture in Thailand Case Study: »Sala Phra Kiew« Student Union Building, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
(Suphawadee Ratanamart, Noppawan Ratanamart, Thailand)
04 From Controversial Design to Heritage Icon: Seidler‘s Shell House
(Cristina Garduno Freeman, Giorgio Marfella, Gareth Wilson, Australia)
05 Keeping Modernism Alive in Australia: Harry Seidler‘s Renovation of His 1950‘s Houses
(Mariana Martin, Australia)
06 Concrete Industrial Architecture in Italy 1950-1980: Documentation of a Changing Modern Heritage
(Maria Vittoria Santi, Anna Frangipane, Italy)
07 Guatemala Civic Center – Modern Heritage in Danger
(Sonia M. Fuentes, Guatemala)
08 Brasilia‘s Banking Sector as Incomplete Work, 1957-
(Helena Bender, Brazil, Switzerland)
09 Metamorphosis of the Hradecky Bridge
(Lara Slivnik, Slovenia)
10 Unintentional Continuity: Development Parallels of Early Modern Urban Planning (Cases: Bratislava, Slovak Republic and Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia)
(Henrieta MoravÄikova, Laura Pastorekova, Eva Lovra, Slovak Republic)
11 Beyond the Growth Paradigm The Future of Transportation‘s Vertical Segregation Ruins Slovak Radio Building Bratislava
(Pater Szalay, Slovak Republic)
12 The Ferantov Vrt Project Students‘ Contribution to the Process of Preserving Modern Heritage
(Sonja Ifko, Slovenia)
13 Preserving the Integrity of Andre Brothers‘ Museums Despite the Evolution of Uses and Conditions of Conservation
(Caroline Bauer, France)
14 Post-Industrial Investigation of Xi‘an Abandoned Industry
(Chao Wu, Kecheng Liu, China)
15 Esma Pavilion by Roger Bastin and Jacques Dupuis A Modern Heritage to Preserve in Belgium
(Chiara Fucelli, Michael Pregardien, Laurent Debailleux, Belgium)
16 Modernist Architecture as a Means of Building the National Identity in the Polish People‘s Republic in the Years 1956-1980
(Blazej Ciarkowski, Poland)
17 The Change in the Tangible and the Intangible Heritage of Eskisehir Sugar Factory Residential Campus
(Figen Kivilcim Corakbas, Ayse Deniz Yesiltepe, Turkey)
18 MiheliÄ´s Building in the Urbanistic Context of MišÄeviÄ‡´s »Block Centar« in Osijek, Republic of Croatia
(Ines Ambruš, Denis Ambruš, Croatia)
19 Brutal and Fragile: Case Study of New Belgrade‘s »Concrete Baroque«
(Jelica JovanoviÄ‡, Serbia)
20 The Ongoing History of Restaurant Savoy by Aino and Alvar Aalto
(Jonas Malmberg, Finland)
21 Metamorphosis of the Parliament in Prague: Building the Czechoslovak National Identity Through Archtectural Ideas and Urban Context
(Klara Bruhova, Czech Republic)
22 Mapping Individually Designed Soviet Housing in Riga, Latvia
(Liva Garkaje, Latvia)
23 Modernism at Extreme Altitudes. Examples of Leisure-Pursuit Buildings Constructed in the Second Republic of Poland (1918-1939)
(Maciej Motak, Poland)
24 Corridor-Free School Buildings by Emil Navinšek
(Mitja Zorc, Slovenia)
25 Curicica Sanatorium: Modern Architecture for Health at Risk
(Ana M. G. Albano Amora, Renato da Gama Rosa Costa, Brazil, Team: Leonardo Silvestre, Thaysa Malaquias, Michael Morouco.)
26 Building a Modern House in Northern Lebanon: 2 Siblings, 2 Houses
(Roula El Khoury Fayad, Lebanon)
27 Changes and Continuity: How to Trace Jul de Roover‘s Interior in His Transforming Modernist Oeuvre?
(Selin Geerinckx, Els De Vos, Belgium)
28 Architectural Concepts of Classical Antiquity In the Project of the French Embassy of Le Corbusier
(Silvia Raquel Chiarelli, Brazil)
29 The Appropiation of the Center of the Cultural Coexistence in Campinas »The Heart of the City«
(Taiana Car Vidotto, Ana M. R. G. Monteiro, Fernando Shigueo Nakandakare, Brazil)
30 A Pursue for the Destiny of the Arcade in the Twentieth Century: The Cases of Two Modernist Galleries in Brussels.
(Tine Poot, Els De Vos, Maarten Van Acker, Belgium)
31 From Vernacular to Modern – Dutch Natural Stone Out of the Context
(Wido J. Quist, The Netherlands)
32 Sustaining the Social History and Communal Spirit Through an Architectural Heritage Adaptive Reuse Project – Case Study of Revitalising the Oldest Modernist Social Housing »Mei Ho House« in Hong Kong
(Anna Waiyu Yau, Hong Kong)
33 Architecture for the Community: School Building by Franc Novak in Murska Sobota
(Meta Kutin, Slovenia)